6th November 2017
Hanging from your door or sitting as a centrepiece in the middle of your table, the traditional Christmas wreath is the ultimate festive decoration. We asked our dear friend, JenniBloom Flowers to share her how-to guide to making a traditional wreath this festive season.
You can forage for your own ingredients if you like. Yew can be used instead of pine and rosehips make great alternative berries. Dried Beech foliage also looks particularly beautiful, but it’s up to you.
Making the moss ring. Start by gathering your first handful of moss onto the top of the wreath frame, be liberal with the moss, the thicker you make the ring, the stronger it will be. Aim for around a 2inch thickness. Unravel some of the wire from the reel, and wrap around the moss tightly, over and under the frame a few times so the moss is contained.
Tie off the wire and twist the end onto a piece that goes under the frame and make a hoop for hanging. It may be useful to tie a piece of ribbon onto the hoop so you can remember where the top of the wreath is.
Leave the wire un-cut and to the side, as you add another large handful of moss onto the frame (pushing it tightly up against the bound moss) binding with the wire, in under and over actions. Keep the wire taught as you go. Keep going with this method in a clockwise direction, until you have completely covered the frame
Once you have covered the frame, check for any thin and uneven areas of moss. You can place handfuls of moss over the thinner areas and then bind the whole ring again for extra security.
Now you can start to add in the spruce/fir as the base element. Snip lengths of spruce and remove the lower leaves. Depending on how big you would like your wreath to be, you can leave the spruce at longer lengths (5-6 inches or so). Start at the top of the moss ring, and add in the spruce, place it into the moss at an angle (not upright). The sharper the angle you cut your spruce, the easier it will go into the moss. Aim to get the end of the stem in a few cm’s. Using the mossing pins, pin in the spruce stems at the base, pushing the pin all of the way into the moss ring. Continue clockwise, adding in the sprigs, keeping them in the same direction as you go. Cover the moss ring (get as close to the underside and outer rim as you can) with the foliage; aim to cover the ring but leaving small gaps in between the stems to allow other ingredients to be added in. You can use a mix of different types of spruce and fir here to create the base, if you like.
To create depth, now use different types of foliage such as eucalyptus, cut at different lengths and start adding these in randomly. If you find the thinner stems struggle to dig into the moss, you can use the mossing pins to secure them. Hold the pin over the stem and push directly into the moss until it is secured.
Once you are happy with the overall depth and different shapes and textures of foliage, you can move on to adding the more decorative elements. Add in the berried stems, pinning these in as close to the moss as possible. Add in any dried items such as seed heads, feathers, pinecones etc. Use the mossing pins here with more delicate items.
Using a length of ribbon- tie into a bow and using a piece of stub wire, put the wire through the back of the bow and twist to secure, trim the ends of the wire to a couple of inches, and use as a pin, to pin the bow into the top of the wreath or your preferred area